With the World Well being Group declaring monkeypox a worldwide well being emergency on July 23, Nova Scotian infectious illness knowledgeable Dr. Lisa Barrett affords her tackle the virus.
There have been 18,000 confirmed circumstances of monkeypox worldwide in 78 international locations; 800 circumstances have appeared in Canada.
Late final week, Newfoundland and Labrador introduced its first possible case. Nova Scotia’s well being minister stated two guests have examined optimistic, however they’re not within the province, and there’s no proof of unfold.
No circumstances have been recognized in New Brunswick or in PEI
Barrett stated training is a crucial step in limiting the unfold.
WHAT IS MONKEYPOX?
Monkeypox is a virus that has been recognized to scientists for a very long time. Nevertheless, Barrett stated it’s normally seen in African international locations, not in Canada.
“This can be a totally different sort of monkeypox outbreak than we have seen up to now,” he stated.
Earlier than this newest outbreak, Barrett stated monkeypox was normally transferred from animals to people. However now, he says well being consultants see it being transferred from individual to individual by way of shut bodily contact.
He added, it’s a virus that’s totally different in some ways from COVID-19. In contrast to the coronavirus, it doesn’t unfold — at the moment — by way of the air, though it may well.
Below the microscope, Barrett says it is totally different, too. Monkeypox is made up of DNA, whereas COVID-19 is an RNA virus.
WOULD YOU SAY THAT IT SPREADS EASILY?
In line with information from researchers around the globe, Barrett stated, at the moment, monkeypox is unfold largely by way of sexual contact.
“You must be up shut and private with totally different physique fluids, and respiratory droplets,” he stated.
HOW CONCERNED SHOULD PEOPLE BE IN ATLANTIC CANADA?
As an alternative of worrying, Barrett says getting educated concerning the virus is the very best factor you are able to do.
If you recognize you may be in shut contact with somebody who has traveled to an space the place monkeypox is outstanding, she recommends being conscious of signs and getting examined.
Signs to look out for are:
- swollen lymph nodes
- muscle aches and pains
- pores and skin lesions or smallpox
Barrett stated public well being is working to extend testing within the area, and the monkeypox vaccine is accessible for folks at excessive danger of extreme illness.